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Bureau of Meteorology

Algeria Weather

Algeria Weather

Algeria has a diverse climate influenced by its vast size, varied topography, and proximity to the Mediterranean Sea and the Sahara Desert. Here's an overview of the weather types, data, and seasons in Algeria:

  1. Climate Zones:

    • Mediterranean Climate: Along the northern coastal strip, including cities like Algiers, there is a Mediterranean climate characterized by mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers.
    • Semi-Arid Climate: Inland areas, transitioning from the coastal region to the Sahara, experience a semi-arid climate with less precipitation and more temperature extremes.
    • Desert Climate: The southern part of Algeria is part of the Sahara Desert, characterized by extremely high temperatures and arid conditions.
  2. Temperature:

    • Coastal Areas: Coastal temperatures range from around 10 to 20 degrees Celsius (50 to 68 degrees Fahrenheit) in winter and 25 to 35 degrees Celsius (77 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit) in summer.
    • Inland Areas: Inland temperatures can vary widely, with colder winters and hotter summers. In the desert, daytime temperatures can exceed 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit) in summer.
  3. Rainfall:

    • Coastal Areas: Receive the highest rainfall, primarily in the winter months, with the wet season extending from November to March.
    • Inland Areas: Experience lower and more variable rainfall, decreasing as you move southward.
    • Desert Areas: Virtually no rainfall, especially in the central and southern Sahara.
  4. Seasons:

    • Winter: December to February is winter, with mild temperatures along the coast and cooler temperatures inland. Snowfall is possible in the mountainous regions.
    • Spring: March to May brings a transition to warmer temperatures and blossoming vegetation.
    • Summer: June to August is hot, especially in the interior and desert regions, with temperatures exceeding 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit).
    • Autumn: September to November sees a gradual cooling, with occasional rainfall.
  5. Saharan Winds:

    • The country can experience hot, dry winds like the Sirocco from the south and the Chergui from the east, both originating from the Sahara.
  6. Sandstorms:

    • In desert regions, particularly during the summer, sandstorms are possible.
  7. Mountainous Regions:

    • The Kabylie and Aurès Mountains experience cooler temperatures, and some areas receive winter snowfall.
  8. Natural Hazards:

    • Algeria is prone to occasional earthquakes, especially in the northern mountainous regions.

It's essential to note that Algeria's climate is diverse, and conditions can vary significantly across different regions of the country. For more accurate and up-to-date information, it's recommended to check with local weather authorities or meteorological services.

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