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Bureau of Meteorology

Azerbaijan Weather

Azerbaijan Weather

Azerbaijan, located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, experiences a diverse climate with a mix of continental, subtropical, and mountainous influences. Here's an overview of the weather types, data, and seasons in Azerbaijan:

  1. Seasons:

    • Spring (March to May): Spring is characterized by mild temperatures and the blossoming of flowers. Daytime temperatures range from 10°C to 20°C (50°F to 68°F).

    • Summer (June to August): Summer is hot and dry, with temperatures often exceeding 30°C (86°F) in the lowland areas. The Caspian Sea coastline provides some relief with milder temperatures.

    • Autumn (September to November): Autumn brings cooler temperatures, and the landscape is painted with autumnal colors. Daytime temperatures range from 10°C to 20°C (50°F to 68°F).

    • Winter (December to February): Winter varies across regions. In the lowlands, winters are mild, while mountainous areas experience cold temperatures and snowfall. Daytime temperatures can range from 0°C to 10°C (32°F to 50°F).

  2. Temperature Extremes:

    • Azerbaijan can experience temperature extremes, with summer temperatures in lowland areas occasionally reaching above 40°C (104°F). In contrast, winter temperatures in mountainous regions can drop below freezing.
  3. Caspian Sea Influence:

    • The Caspian Sea has a moderating effect on the climate of the coastal areas, resulting in milder temperatures. Baku, the capital located on the Caspian Sea, experiences less temperature variation compared to inland regions.
  4. Rainfall:

    • Precipitation patterns vary across regions. The western part of Azerbaijan receives more rainfall than the eastern regions. The mountains in the north also experience higher precipitation.
  5. Gaval Dash:

    • Azerbaijan is known for the Gaval Dash, a large flat stone often used for ancient astronomical and calendrical measurements. It's an interesting cultural and historical aspect related to the region's weather observation.
  6. Mountainous Terrain:

    • The Greater Caucasus mountain range in the north influences the climate, bringing cooler temperatures and more precipitation to the northern regions. The Talysh Mountains in the south contribute to a subtropical climate.
  7. Mud Volcanoes:

    • Azerbaijan is home to numerous mud volcanoes, and the unique geological features are a result of the country's specific climatic and geological conditions.
  8. Tourist Seasons:

    • Spring and autumn are considered ideal times to visit Azerbaijan, offering pleasant weather for outdoor activities and exploration. Summer is popular for coastal destinations, while winter attracts those interested in winter sports in the mountainous areas.
  9. Cultural Festivals:

    • Azerbaijan hosts various cultural events and festivals throughout the year, showcasing its rich heritage. These events often coincide with favorable weather conditions, encouraging tourism.
  10. UNESCO Sites:

    • The country's climate allows for year-round exploration of its UNESCO World Heritage Sites, such as the historic center of Sheki with the Khan's Palace and the Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape.

Azerbaijan's climate diversity adds to the allure of the country, providing a range of experiences for travelers. Visitors should consider the specific climate of the regions they plan to explore and pack accordingly.

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